At some point in your adult life you must have felt and noticed the hard and thick layer of skin on your feet appearing more often on your toes called corns. They grow due to frequent pressure on your toe skin. It is also said to develop when your skin tries to protect itself from friction. Corns can develop on the hands and fingers (especially for some manual workers, guitarists, gymnasts, weight lifters), but people are more conversant with the ones that develop on the feet and toes as they are more common.
While they are often seen as a minor irritation, they can be quite painful causing you a lot of psychological trauma. They can also lead to serious conditions if left untreated. When they grow above your toes, they can be unsightly causing you to even hide your feet sometimes; a situation that makes it worse as you shy away from airing your feet often to ameliorate the situation. Indeed corns constitute one of the major ailments of the feet.
It has been observed that women tend to suffer corns more than men. This could be attributed to women wearing more shoes more often; wearing more high heels instead of loafers and slippers, or wearing tighter shoes. It has been reported that women have four times more foot problems than men. This is mainly because of their high heels which push the body weight forward thereby squashing their toes together into a point leading to corns (Health24.com). Men are less prone to corns on the feet as they do not wear high heels; moreover they often wear socks with their shoes thereby cushioning the shoe-to-skin friction.
TYPES OF CORNS: Corns can be soft, hard or seed.
Hard corns are said to be the small patch of thickened skin with a softer patch at the centre resulting from bone pressure against the skin; usually growing on top of the toes.
Soft corns are typically found by the sides of the toes due to the soft tissues and the moisture in-between the toes which keep the corns soft. They often appear whitish or grey with a soft rubber texture.
Seed corns are small hardened patches that form under the feet.
SYMPTOMS: How do you know that you have corns? When you feel pain around your toes when wearing your shoes; when your feet skin feel sensitive to touch; when your feet skin is hard and lumpy, you probably have corns.
CAUSES OF CORNS: The major culprit is wearing wrong and tight fitted shoes; walking or standing for long may cause your shoes to rub against your skin thereby causing corns. It is worse among women when the shoes are high heeled as mentioned above. The structure of one’s feet and some deformities (eg hammertoes) have also been known to cause corns. Skin type is not left out as the dry skins are known to allow for corns more easily since there is less fat to cushion the pressure. Cigarette smoking can also cause corns as nicotine causes tissue degradation leading to more bone-to-skin contact/friction (Podiatry institute.com).
TREATMENT: This involves removing the built up dead skin. You can use the following methods to remove the corns:
File down the corns. To do this, first soak your feet in warm water with Epsom salt. After the soak, pat your feet dry with a clean towel and moisturize with a hydrating lotion or cocoa butter. Continue this process daily until your corn has softened, then gently rub the corn with a pumice stone. If the corn is between your toes, use an emery board, also known as a nail file, to rub them. Repeat these steps until your corns have disappeared, which may take a few weeks (Healthline.com). You must ensure not to over file the toes so you do not expose the toes to more irritation.
If the above basic remedies do not resolve the situation, you may require the services of a podiatrist as recommended by your Dr.
PREVENTION: At Xan Exclusive shoes, we believe prevention is better than cure, especially in such matters. Most cases of corns can easily be prevented.
You can prevent corns by maintaining clean and moisturized feet at all times. Wash thoroughly with worm water and soap, then apply your moisturiser.
Ensure that your toe nails are trimmed regularly since long toe nails add to the pressure as they push against the walls of your shoes.
In general, to prevent corns, your best bet is to check/control the conditions that created the corns originally. Since the major cause of the corn is the friction of tight shoes on your skin, you must endeavour to wear comfortable low shoes. Your prevention road map must consist of wearing comfortable flat shoes all the time. At Xan’s, our shoes are well padded with different sizes and fits to suit your legs and your purpose. You do not have to worry about your appearance; you will still maintain your elegance as our shoes are quite classy to suit your occasions and events. Don’t keep managing those tight shoes until the corns get worse. Make the switch to Xan’s.
You can also wear Xan’s slippers or loafers and watch your corns disappear and not grow again.
We are in constant communication with our manufacturers updating them on trends and our customers’ footwear needs. We are always available to assist you to make the best footwear choice. You can reach us on 08033310735 or visit us today at New Balogun shopping plaza, 3/5 Gbajumo Street, Balogun Market, Lagos Island.